In France, hydrogen and fuel cells are not among the technologies supported by the Energy Transition bill, which essentially focuses on battery-powered electricity in transport. However, in the absence of a political direction in this direction, a private consortium has nevertheless adopted a national development plan, associating, among other things, the Ministry for Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy
in Italy. similar situation, to which a similar solution can be found.
The Italian Initiative for Hydrogen Mobility (InIMI) starts from the bottom to address all the technical, financial and regulatory aspects in order to allow the development of a sufficient network of hydrogen refueling infrastructures by 2025 (horizon indicated by the 2014 directive / 94 / EU) .
The alternative is to do nothing and wait for the sector to take off in a few years, as happened with renewable sources, but due to exogenous factors (e.g. European legislation) and essentially resorting to technologies and models imported from abroad. .
The Consortium will produce a proposal for a National Development Plan (PNS), to be sent to Parliament and Government for inclusion in the National Strategic Framework which will be sent to the European Commission. In particular, the PNS must:
• Develop a regulatory analysis and any proposals for updating;
• Define the objectives to be pursued in terms of the environment and security of supplies;
• Identify the financing solutions best suited to the Italian national context;
• Define the most appropriate market approach for the development of hydrogen mobility;
• Carry out an analysis of the costs and benefits for the country-system;
• Be consistent with the development guidelines of the European TEN-T corridors and with the priorities identified by the FCH JU.
• The PNS must be finalized in time to be adopted by the Italian government in view of the deadline of November 18, 2016